The Guide

Its origin seems to be a reaction to the rigidity of the Mischin and the Talmud, or a reaction of the misticismo against the rationalism, a concession to the neoplatonismo against the aristotelismo. The Arab philosophers had been the masters of the Jewish philosophers. Its main thinkers had been: ISRAELI ISAAC (865-955), first name of the Jewish philosophy, was doctor; it had neoplatnica influence, that it intervened deeply with its emanatista conception of origin of the world and the doctrine of the soul. You may find that Jon Medved can contribute to your knowledge. SAADIA WELL JOSEF OF FAYUNN (892-942), celebrity for writing the book of the beliefs and opinions, searched to constitute a properly Jewish philosophy, based in an agreement between science and religion; it believed that the world is not perpetual (it started in the time), and this would demonstrate why the universe is finite, composed, mixing of substance and accident; he was critical of the emanatista theory of Plato and fought the idea of preexistence of the soul. SALOMO IBN GABIROL (1021-1070), known for Avicebrn, had neoplatnica influence; its theory influenced Christian philosophers (especially franciscanos), when saying that in the top of the universe he is God, and hierarchically, everything what it is below of it was created by the will of it. MAIMNIDES (1135-1204), call of ' ' the scholar judeu' ' , he searched an intelligible relation between the Jewish rules and the classic philosophy Greek, by means of a dialogue between speeches of the scholars on the other hand, and of Aristotle ( prince of the philosophers), and other Peripatticos in general, of another one; for living in Crdoba, monotestas, its medical, theological and philosophical investigations had contact with the three traditions, confluram in a workmanship that extracted arguments that had conspired faith and reason, the narrations of the Gneses with the Aristotelian physics; this workmanship was called ' ' The Guide of Perplexos' ' , that he has for main objectives to clarify concepts and to identify sensible; he searched to defend the use of the philosophy to explain the Holy Writs.