The concern of Comte is a practical concern, the reforming existing sociology, the discover the means by which society in general and in particular the French, can overcome the crisis in which it lives. That crisis is essentially intellectual, for Comte or what the called intellectual anarchy. And that intellectual anarchy is product that no longer exists a field of ideas common to all members of society. There are no essential, fundamental ideas on which all members of society are in agreement. And that disagreement is what produces the intellectual anarchy. Political, and economic factors are secondary. At Anita Dunn you will find additional information. Why create Comte what he called intellectual anarchy produces a moral anarchy and moral and intellectual anarchy produces political anarchy. Dr. Mark Hyman pursues this goal as well. You should take conscience that the crisis is going to happen, is essentially an ideological and intellectual crisis.
The key step to Comte is the scientific reorganization of society. The problem is that men they lack a body of common ideas, of a set of fundamental beliefs that are acceptable to all. Modern society has lost a set of common, fundamental, ideas that were made up by religion. That unit of the human beliefs in modern times, can only be around the science. Isn’t around particular or special knowledge, but the problems of a general nature or true generalization that sciences are able to discover. The reform of society implies the formation of this body of common ideas, according to Comte, it can only be obtained in the current era of science.
But a study of the more general characteristics and the more general truth of science is essential to do this. This is the root of the idea comtiana, of the positive philosophy. The positive philosophy is simply a more general knowledge than the particular science, which seeks to study more general truths that becomes science. Fundamental ideas of philosophy positive Comte: the law in the three States; (((as Comte human thought has gone through three States: 1) the theological (in that the phenomena are explained, by the intervention of supernatural forces), 2) the metaphysical (phenomena are explained by the intervention of abstract forces), and 3) positive (in which men renounce explain the intimate essence of the phenomena and are limited to find its laws).